Updated to: 27 August 2013
EIA as introduced in Georgia through the Law of Georgia on the Protection of the Environment (1996). Specific EIA laws followed and in 2002 and 2003 detailed EIA regulations were issued. After 2003, the EIA regulations have been changed considerably with the aim of simplifying permitting procedures.
The legislation does not require Screening and Scoping as formal steps of the EIA process. EIA review is further embedded in the process of State Ecological Expertise. Ministry of Environmental Protection of Georgia is the central authority on EIA.
None of the laws currently in force in Georgia contain any provision on SEA. However, requirement on carrying out EIA for plans and programs (what represents SEA in reality) stipulated by the Law on Environmental Permits can be considered as an attempt to introduce the principles of SEA. The Georgian Government signed the Kiev Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment to Espoo Convention in May 2003. It is planning to take steps to ratify the Protocol, which envisages the binding requirement on SEA to all Parties at the very early stage of planning. The MoE is currently drafting a new law on the environment.
Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN), 2004. Assessment of Effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System in Georgia. Kolhoff et al, 2013. EIA in Georgia - state of affairs, Draft.