Updated to: 27 August 2013Download as PDF
Contact & history
Country contact on SEA
Ministry of Environment Protection of Georgia
Address: 6 G. Gulua Str., 0114 Tbilisi, Georgia
Country's planning system
As a result of the highly centralised planning system during the Soviet rule, the Georgian state authorities responsible for planning of country’s development have limited planning experience. The current legislation defines procedures and methodology for setting short, medium and long-term strategic priorities, but they require significant improvement. Specific goals, strategies, priority actions and resources for their implementation are always not clearly identified at the national, regional and local levels.
Caucasus Environmental NGO Network (CENN), 2004. Assessment of Effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System in Georgia
History of SEA
None of the laws currently being in force in Georgia contain any provision on SEA. However, requirement on carrying out EIA for plans and programs (what represents SEA in reality) stipulated by the Law on Environmental Permits can be considered as an attempt to introduce the principles of SEA. The Georgian Government signed the Kiev Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment to Espoo Convention in May 2003. It is planned to take steps to ratify the Protocol, which envisages the binding requirement on SEA to all Parties at the very early stage of planning.
Legal framework for SEA
The legal framework for SEA in Georgia is not clear. The Law on Environmental Permits seems to suggests a requirement to carry out EIA for plans and programs. This law states that all infrastructure plans, projects and programs (e.g. transport infrastructure development programs, long-term rehabilitation programs of the protected areas, plans and projects for protection and use of water, forest, mineral and the other natural resources throughout Georgia), require EIA before implementation.
First national detailed SEA regulation
There are no detailed procedural requirements for SEA.
Scope of SEA application
Law on Environmental Permits defines that all infrastructure plans, projects and programs (e.g. transport infrastructure development programs, long-term rehabilitation programs of the protected areas, plans and projects for protection and use of water, forest, mineral and the other natural resources throughout Georgia), require Environmental Impact Assessment before they are implemented.
Institutional setting for SEA
Implementing the SEA
Informing and influencing decision-making
- SEA of the Waste Law draft (2013)
- SEA for Georgia's Power sector (2013)
A capacity development programme on the introducing SEA in the Southern Caucasus was executed from 2005 until 2008. The NCEA, AMECA, REC-Caucasus and the UNDP were involved in different parts of the programme. Results of the programme were trainings and a SEA manual.
Non-governmental SEA guidance
The UNDP and REC developed a Guide to SEA (2006) as part of the capacity development programme on the introduction of SEA.