Introduction

Updated to: 26 September 2013

In Ethiopia, EIA is legally required since 2002 when the EIA proclamation was issued. This proclamation also made a reference to SEA as it requires the assessment of public instruments. The EIA system is decentralized vertically to regional state environmental agencies. However, responsibilities regarding EIA review have been delegated to sector institutions. Finally, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as central EIA authority in Ethiopia has been transformed into the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Forestry in June 2013.