SEA profile

Updated to: 26 September 2013

Download as PDF

Contact & history

to the top

Country contact on SEA

Ministry of Environmental Protection and Forestry (established in June 2013)

The Ministry is established through a transformation of the Environmental Protection Agency whose contact details are:
Environmental Protection Agency
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

History of SEA

SEA has been introduced to Ethiopia quite recently. The EIA proclamation of 2002 make a clear provision for the assessment of 'public instruments' (policies, strategies, programmes, laws and international agreements). However, procedures and guidelines on SEA are not in place.

Legal framework for SEA

to the top

Framework/Enabling law

Environmental Impact Assessment Proclamation No 299/ 2002, which also prescribes impact assessment for policies, programmes, strategies and laws.

Approving authority of enabling law


First national detailed SEA regulation


Recent updates and additions to the SEA legislation


Sector specific procedures/regulations



Guidelines on how to undertake Strategic Environmental Assessment are available on the website of the Ethiopian Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Objective SEA

Not specified.

Scope of SEA application

Policies, programs, strategies and laws.

EIA proclamation No. 229 of 2002 article 13

Exemptions from SEA application

Not specified.

SEA approach

EIA procedure should be applied to plans according to the EIA proclamation No: 299/ 2002

EIA proclamation No. 229 of 2002 article 13

SEA tiering with EIA

No information available.

Institutional setting for SEA

to the top

Central SEA authority

Environment Protection Council: The EPC is to ensure integration and harmony of environmental concerns with development policies, strategies and plans. In addition, the Council is mandated to (i) deliberate upon policy matters concerning environmental protection and (ii) evaluate and approve directives and standards issued by EPA .

Proclamation for the Establishment EPA (proclamation No. 9 of 1995). Negarit Gazeta of the FDRE, Addis Ababa, 1995. Article 10

Mandate for exemption of SEA obligation

There are no legal mandates for SEA exemption specified.

(De)centralisation of SEA mandates

Not specified.

Initiator of the SEA

The EIA proclamation provides that the owner of the policy, plan or strategy is responsible for ensuring that their proposal is subjected to an EIA.

EIA proclamation No. 229 of 2002 article 13

SEA procedure

to the top

Establishing context

Implementing the SEA

Informing and influencing decision-making


SEA practice

to the top

Annual no. of SEAs

Estimated 2 or 3  SEAs undertaken per year (mostly these concern SEAs for Master Plans).

Central SEA database


Non-governmental SEA guidance


SEA links

to the top