The Environmental Conservation Act (ECA) of 2001 sets the legislative framework for EIA and SEA (in the form of EIA for policy, plans and programmes). SEA, however, is not practiced in Sudan. For EIA no national EIA regulations exist to define procedural requirements. The ECA puts an emphasis on decentralized governance as it provides for Environmental State Councils that should be formed in each state. It is foreseen that those councils develop their on EIA regulation but only two states have formed such councils so far.