EIA was applied in North Macedonia before this time, but the Environmental Law of 2005 provided the first comprehensive set of environmental assessment requirements. This law provides the enabling framework for both EIA and SEA. Several secondary legislations further define the requirements for EIA. In a 2007, Macedonia also transposed the EU directive on SEA into detailed legislation. 

The Ministry for Environment and Physical Planning (MoEPP) is responsible for the implementation of the Environmental Law and is the central authority for EIA and SEA.

In North Macedonia, EIAs and SEAs have to be undertaken by accredited experts.