SEA profile

Updated to: 13 March 2019

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Overview SEA procedure

The SEA procedure follows the 'usual steps'

  • screening
  • scoping
  • evaluation
  • analysis
  • (review)
  • decision
  • (environmental clearance)

The Minister of the Environment creates and chairs the steering committee for the SEA. 

Establishing context

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Screening process

Any developer who undertakes an SEA is obliged to send to the competent technical service a folder comprising:

  • a stamped application;
  • the terms of reference for the policy, the scheme director, plan or program. 

The file is filed, against acknowledgment of receipt, to the relevant technical service.

Timeline Screening

no maximum time specified

Implementing SEA

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Scoping process

The relevant technical department shall provide the developer with the guidelines and guides necessary for the development of the terms of reference of the Strategic Environmental Assessment. On this basis, it develops the draft terms of reference for the Strategic Environmental Assessment to be carried out in accordance with the guidelines provided. Steering Committee approves ToRs

The outcome is called terms of reference. 


In this report, the likely significant impacts of the implementation of the policy, plan, plan or program and the reasonable alternatives that take into account the objectives and geographic scope of the policy, plan, plan or program, are identified, described and evaluated. 

Assessment/mitigation of effects

(g) the measures envisaged to avoid, reduce and, to the extent possible,
h) compensate for any significant negative impact of the implementation of the plan, scheme, policy or program on the Environment;
(i) the adaptation measures or the impact of the policy,
plan, plan or program for climate change;
(j) a statement summarizing the reasons for the alternatives considered and a description of how the assessment was carried out, including any difficulties encountered in collecting the required information;

Art 15 du Décret N°2018-0992.

Review process

Experts from other governmental agencies involved in review

Timeline review

No maximum time specified

Informing decision making

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SEA and planning decision-making

The Minister has 2 months after the review and receipt of the enhanced EES to make his decision.

Justification of decision

No decision-making justification required


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Monitoring and evaluation

(k) a description of the follow-up measures envisaged by the texts in force.

SEA practice

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Background information

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History of SEA

Decree No. 08-346 / P-RM of 26 June 2008 already defined SEA. A procedure was created by decree in December 2018.

Legal framework

Enabling law

Law No. 91-47 / AN-RM Relative to the Protection of the Environment and Living Environment.

National detailed regulation

Fixing Rules And Modalities Relating To Strategic Environmental Assessment - Decree N ° 2018-0992 / P-Rm Of 31 December 2018 

Scope of application

Strategic Environmental Assessment is carried out for policies, plans, plans and programmes

Art. 4 of Decree N ° 2018-0992

Exemptions from application

For policies, plans, plans and programs, the Minister in charge of the environment may grant exemptions whose criteria are defined by order of the Minister for the Environment.

Art 4 of Decree N ° 2018-0992

SEA approach

EIA-based: application of the EIA procedure to planning

Articles 4 - 14 og Decree N ° 2018-0992

Institutional setting

Central SEA authority

The Minister of the Environment authorises policies, plans and programmes on the basis of SEAs. An inter-ministerial steering committee, set up and chaired by the same minister, first ensures that all the elements contained in the terms of reference are treated in a comprehensive and precise manner and to verify the reliability of the data presented in the study. Terms of references are also approved by the same committee.

(De)centralisation of SEA mandates

Decision-making always takes place at the national level. 

Initiator of the SEA

Owner or petitioner: any physical or moral authority to develop and then implement policies, plans or programmes. 

Art 3 of Decree N ° 2018-0992


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Agence de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable (AEDD).
Quartier du fleuve, Rue 311, Porte 328, Bp 2357, Bamako – Mali. Tél.: +223 - 20 235 867 / +223 - 20 231 074. E-mail: