SEA profile

Updated to: 10 February 2015

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Overview SEA procedure

Section 16 of the Environmental Protection and Management Act (2009) mentions three steps of SEA:

  • the study on the effects of a policy, plan and/or program on the environmental condition in a territory
  • the formulation of alternatives
  • recommendations for improvement of the policy, plan and/or programme

Establishing context

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Implementing SEA

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Content of SEA report

According to the Environmental Protection and Management Act (2009), an SEA shall contain assessments of the following:

  • the environment's carrying capacity and accommodating capacity for development
  • estimated environmental impacts and the risk for them
  • the ecosystem service performance
  • eficiency of natural resource utilization
  • level of proneness and capacity for adaptation to climate change
  • tenacity level and potentialities of biodiversity

Informing decision making

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SEA practice

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Background information

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History of SEA

Discussions on the introduction of SEA to Indonesia have taken place within the country since the mid 1990s. From 2001 onwards, SEA was trailed in various types of applications. From 2005 onwards, more systematic intiatives were taken to make SEA a structural part of planning practice in Indonesia. The Ministry of Environment (KLH now the Ministry of Environment and Forestry) and the National Planning Agency (Bappenas) collaborated with the Danish International Development Agency to develop and promote suitable SEA approaches. This SEA momentum culminated in the adoption of the new Environmental Protection and Management Law in 2009. This Law makes SEA mandatory for a broad range of planning processes.

Legal framework

Enabling law

The Protection Environmental Protection and Management Law adopted in 2009.

National detailed regulation

Government Regulations of SEA as well as several guidelines regarding SEA are under development.

Scope of application

SEA is required for policies, plans and programs.

Institutional setting


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Ministry for Environment and Forestry
A Building 6th Floor
Jl. D.I. Panjaitan Kav 24
Jakarta 13410
Phone: +62 21 8590 4925