The Bahasa Indonesian term for EIA is AMDAL. Indonesia provided a legal basis for EIA in 1982, and has revised its impact assessment system several times since then, both to reflect institutional changes, and in response to developments in understanding of EIA. Detailed procedural requirements were first put in place in 1986, further refined in 1993, and amended in 1999, 2001, 2006 and 2012. Additional changes to the AMDAL procedure and the link to project approval resulted from the "Omnibus Law" of 2020.
A key feature of the Indonesian EIA system are the EIA Committees throughout the country, at different levels, that oversee each EIA. The EIA Committee approves the Terms of Reference for an EIA, reviews the EIA report, and undertakes stakeholder consultation. These committees have representation of the relevant authorities, but NGOs or other stakeholder representatives may also be invited to take seat. Another feature of the EIA system are the environmental monitoring and management plans that have to be submitted as part of an EIA.
In 2009 a new Environmental Protection and Management Bill was adopted. This law increases the possibility to take action on infringements of the EIA procedure, and introduced a broadly applicable requirement to undertake SEA for policies, plans and programmes. In 2012, the act was followed by revised regulation for environmental permitting, which also revised the EIA procedure. Later updates to the regulatory framework have taken place, but have not yet been included in the more detailed profiles we offer on this website.
EIA falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (previously the Ministry of Environment).
Technical Secretary NCEA, compiled from several sources.
Webpages | 27-02-2023
It is with a mix of sadness and gratitude, that we say goodbye to Bobbi Schijf, who worked for more than 16 years for the NCEA.
Webpages | 01-03-2021
Our recent publication with ten cases on ESIA and SEA in landscape management is now also available in French and Spanish. Shared Resources,…
Webpages | 26-11-2020
In a new publication, the NCEA together with SRJS presents an overview of ten cases on ESIA and SEA in landscape management, from ten countries across…
Webpages | 13-11-2017
In October the NCEA was in Indonesia to contribute to two SEA workshops. In the first, participants discussed options to improve stakeholder…
Webpages | 15-03-2017
SEA can be a great entry point for NGOs to engage with government planning. In March, the NCEA facilitated an NGO workshop on SEA in…
Webpages | 12-10-2016
A forum was held in Jakarta on 1 and 2 September for the National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD) project. On the agenda were the social…
Webpages | 27-08-2015
This report provides recommendations on best practice EIA for tin mining, both off shore and – with a focus on rehabilitation activities – onshore.