ESIA profile

Updated to: 03 September 2019

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Screening process

In the environmental code of 2007, screening is not integrated. The code provides for regulatory documents regarding screening. These documents, however, do not yet exist.

Sensitive areas

In the wildlife protection Act of 1984, EIA requirements are formulated for protected areas.


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Scoping process

The enabling law refers to regulatory documents on scoping. Such documents do not (yet) exist.


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Assessment process

The impact assessment process is the responsibility of the proponent. Assessment and reporting needs to be carried out by a person that is qualified and acknowledged by the Ministry in charge of the environment. No specific steps are mentioned for it in the legislation. An assessment must include only environmental effects.

Contents of the EIA report

The enabling law only refers to a specific EIA regulation which should specify such requirements but does not (yet) exist.


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Review process

The enabling law only refers to a specific EIA regulation which should specify such requirements but does not (yet) exist.

Decision making

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Integration of ESIA into decision-making

The approval of the EIA report implies that the environmental license will be granted. EIA report needs to be submitted before decisions are made but legislation provides no information on what to do with the results.

According to the environmental code the ministry in charge of environment is always responsible for EIA decision making. In the mining act, there are provisions that in case of mining, the Ministry of Mining (MMEH) is responsible.

Decision justification

According to Environmental code of 2007, justifications are made in writing. The justification has to be published but it is not specified to what extent the public has access to it. The enabling law prescribes that the decision statement of the EIA approval should be published, but no further requirements are specified.

Possibilities for appeal

In enabling law some provisions for appeal are included. No specific information on EIA appeal, or which court processes the appeal.


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Compliance monitoring

The proponent of mining activities is required to submit a programme to protect and manage the environment, but no programme requirements are specified. The enabling law on the environment formulates follow up and monitoring requirements of the programme.

Non-compliance penalties

Activities can be suspended when the terms of reference are not respected. No specific conditions are specified for that.

Stakeholder engagement

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Public participation requirements for ESIA process stages

According to the enabling law, the Draft EIA reports  and results are subjected to public participation. No detailed provisions are given regarding it.

Access to information

The Environmental Code puts the access to environmental information as a core principle to protect the environment. 

Enabling law prescribes that the decision statement of the EIA approval should be published, no further provisions specified.

ESIA practice

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Annual no. of ESIAs

Less that 10 EIAs per year (estimated).

Professional bodies

ACAPEE: Central African Republic Association of Evaluation Assessment Professionals.

Background information

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History of ESIA

The central Constitution (Act No. 04392 of 27 December 2004) guarantees the rigorous and transparent management of the environment as resolute condition for sustainable development. Within the constitutional framework on the environment, the opportunity is given to local authorities and all citizens to protect the heritage of the nation.

The History of formal environmental management in CAR dates of Decree 89/043 of 23 February 1989, which established a national committee on environmental issues. This was followed by Order 90/003 of 9 June 1990, incorporating the environment into development planning. The Code of Wildlife Protection was adopted in 1984, and the Forest Code was adopted in 1990 (and later replaced by a new Forest Code in 2008). But since the Rio Declaration in June 1992 on Environment and Development, the CAR legislation in this field has evolved leading to the development of the Environmental Code in 2007. The purpose of that 2007 Code, registered under the law No. 07.018 of December 28, empowers Ministry of the Environment and Ecology (MEE) to be responsible for the administration and management of the environment. Since 2011, four draft texts dealing specifically with decrees (and the orders announced) related to the application of the framework law were drafted to regulate the ESIA, SEA, the Environmental Audit and Public Hearing. They are yet to be signed and published.

Legal framework

Enabling law

Environmental Code of the Central African Republic: Law No. 07.018 of 28 December 2007

The Environmental Code of 2007 provides in its section 7 (articles 87-93) the requirements relating to EIA. These provisions relate to the purpose of the EIA, the people and structures empowered to conduct EIA, the type of appreciation to be given to an EIA.

National detailed regulation

Environmental Code: Law No. 07.018 of 2007 determines that special regulatory measures will establish different categories of EIA, methodology and procedures of EIA as well as conditions for public participation related the EIA. The draft decree for the implementation of the framework law on how to achieve the ESIA was presented at the International Seminar of SEEAC in Bangui in 2012. Its effective promulgation is eagerly awaited.


Guidelines are mentioned in the enabling law, but do not (yet) exist.

Sector specific procedures or regulations

The Wildlife protection act, mining act and law on radioactive minerals require an EIA report in case of building activities. No specific regulation or procedural requirements included.

Scope of application

All development projects and works that may influence or bring risks to the environment are subject to EIA, as described in the regulations. This indicates that all activities are part of it, public and private (national and international) ones.

Institutional setting

Central ESIA authority

art 5 Code Environnement: 

Art. 5 : L’élaboration et la mise en oeuvre de la politique nationale en matière d’environnement sont assurées par le Ministère en charge de l’environnement en collaboration avec tous les autres départements, les collectivités locales, le secteur privé, les Organisations Non Gouvernementales et autres acteurs intervenant directement ou indirectement dans le domaine de l’environnement.

code environment art. 

 Art. 7 : Il est créé une Commission Nationale pour l’Environnement et le Développement Durable en abrégée CNEDD, organe de réflexion.
La CNEDD est un organe paritaire composé des Représentants de l’Etat, des Elus, des Collectivités locales et des Organisations Non Gouvernementales.
L’organisation et le fonctionnement de la CNEDD sont définis par un décret pris en Conseil des Ministres.
Art. 8 : Il est créé une Agence Centrafricaine de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable, en abrégée ACEDD.
Les Statuts de l’ACEDD sont approuvés par un Décret pris en Conseil des Ministres.

The institutional framework for the management of the environment in the CAR has evolved considerably over time, beginning with the inclusion of an environmental unit within the Ministry of Water and Forests in the late 1980s and ultimately leading to the establishment of a separate ministry, the Ministry of Environment and Ecology (MEE) in 2009. On 12 June 2013, the MEE became the Ministry of Environment, Ecology and Sustainable Development.

Other key (governmental) parties

Three semi-autonomous environmental agencies (the NEF, the ACEDD and CNEDD) that operate under the Ministry of the Environment, are in the process of being established. They are mentioned in the Environmental Code, but their status is not yet explicitly defined. The first draft statutes prepared by the MEE indicates that responsibilities will be as follows:

National Environment Fund (NEF): According to the Environmental Code, the Fund will finance activities in the field of the environment and will be financed by general taxes and fees. This fund will be created to monitor on behalf of the government programs of protection, management and conservation of biodiversity and to fund public education and awareness programmes.

Central Africa Agency for the Environment and Sustainable Development (ACEDD): According to the draft statutes of the Agency, it has the primary function of directing the technical and scientific processes underlying environmental assessment, including the establishing of environmental standards.

National Commission for the Environment and Sustainable Development (CNEDD): Thedraft statutes of the CNEDD provides eight working groups in many areas and will be  responsible for sectoral policies related to the environment, ecology and sustainable development, approving the terms of reference of EIA for projects that are considered as having environmental impacts, ensuring that environmental principles are taken into account in decisions on sectoral policy and acting as a national center for environmental expertise.

(De)centralisation of mandates

No information is available on EIA decentralization at regional or local levels.

Payment system

The realization of EIA is the responsibility of the proponent of the activity, which needs to pay for the costs of the assessment. No processing fees are paid.


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ACAPEE: Central Africa Association for Professionals in Environmental Assessment
Telephone : (236) 70468205 / (236) 75 50 34 03