SEA per country

Updated to: 27 August 2013

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SEA background

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Country contact on SEA

Contact details for the country contact on SEA.

Regional Environmental Centre Albania: 
Mailing address: P.O.Box 127, Tirana, Albania
Visiting address: Rr. Ismail Qemali, No. 27, Third Floor, Tirana, Albania
Tirana, Albania
Tel/Fax: (355-4) 232-928
Mobile tel: (355-69) 203-8727
Web page: ,

Ministry of Environment, Forests and Water Administration (MoEFWA):


Country's planning system

Brief description of planning practice, specifically whether it take place more often at centralised or decentralised level, what kind of national level planning and sectoral planning takes place, etc.

On November 10, 2005 by DCM no 692, the Government of Albania adopted the Integrated Planning System (IPS), a set of operating principles to ensure that government policy planning and monitoring as a whole takes place in an as efficient and harmonized way as possible. The Integrated Planning System is the key national decision-making system for determining strategic direction and the allocation of recourses. There are two core processes that cover all government organizations and activities:

  • National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI), which establishes the government's medium to longer term goals and strategies for all sectors based on a national vision; and
  • Medium-Term Budget Programme (MTBP), which requires each ministry to develop a 3-year plan to deliver programme outputs to achieve its policy objectives and goals within the ministry's expenditure ceiling as set out in the government's fiscal plan.

More information about the Integrated Planning System can be found on the website of the Department of Strategy and Donor Coordination.

Department of Strategy and Donor Coordination:

History of SEA

Brief description of the history of SEA in the country, including when it was introduced and any major milestones in its development.

SEA was introduced into legislation by the Law on Environmental Protection of 2002. The EIA Law of 2003 gave additional provisions on SEA. In 2005, Albania has ratified the Kiev Protocol on SEA. Subsequently, it has issued two Laws on its ratification. Albania is now in the process of drafting a separate Law on SEA.

UNECE 2012. Second Environmental Performance Review of Albania.

Legal framework for SEA

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Framework/Enabling law

Name of first enabling legislation that sets the framework for SEA.

The Law on the Protection of Environment of 2002 introduced SEA into legislation. Furthermore, Article 5 of the Law on Environmental Impact Assessment, 2003 (No. 8990) makes some provisions on SEA. No detailed procedures are given though as the Article 5 mentions that procedures, deadlines and obligations in all phases of the SEA process shall be the same as for projects.

Approving authority of enabling law

The authority that approved the enabling law for SEA.

The People's Assembly of the Republic of Albania has approved the Law of Environmental Protection.

First national detailed SEA regulation

First national detailed regulation (procedural requirements) for SEA, through which SEA was operationalized.

A Law on Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is currently drafted. It aims to transpose the Directive 2001/42/EC on the Assessment of the Effects of Certain Plans and Programmes on the Environment.

Recent updates and additions to the SEA legislation

Revisions of the SEA provisions in the enabling law or the national detailed SEA regulation (procedural requirements) are named. The year is listed, and the main changes since the first regulation are mentioned, if available. Also, additional relevant SEA-related legislation that has been published since the first legislation is listed.

The following SEA related legislation has been issued:
- Law No. 9548 on the Ratification of the SEA (Kiev) protocol (2006)
- Law No. 9424 on the Ratification of the UNECE SEA protocol (2005) 

Scope of SEA application

Describes for which planning processes (at policy, programme and plan level) SEA is required.

SEA is required by the law on EIA (2003) for:

a) strategies and action plans on energy, mines, industry, transport, agriculture, forests, natural resources and mining properties management and waste management;

b) Territorial adjustment national and regional plans for urban and rural centers, industrial areas, coastal areas, tourism areas, protected areas and high pollution and damage sensitive areas.

Article 5 of law on EIA, 2003 no. 8990

SEA approach

Describes the current overall SEA approach. Specifically: Has the country's SEA procedure been modeled on the existing EIA approach? Or has a separate SEA approach been developed?

The Law on Environmental Protection (2002) and the EIA Law (2003) indicate that an SEA approach is chosen that is strongly EIA-based. This means that the EIA procedure applies to programmes and policies also and that no separate SEA process is defined.

Institutional setting for SEA

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SEA procedure

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Establishing context

Implementing the SEA

Informing and influencing decision-making


SEA practice

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Case studies

SEA case studies on which information is available are listed here, including a link to case documentation, if available.

Capacity development

Sets out any ongoing training programmes (including professional and academic training) and major training events held in the past (with focus on recent events).

Workshop on SEA: November 2006 by Netherlands Commission on EIA, Regional Environmental centre (REC) Albania Office, with contributions from Landuse Consultants from the UK on the Integrated Coastal Zone Management and Development Project in Albania. The workshop was funded by the World bank.

SEA links

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