Vietnam, a one-party Communist state, has one of south-east Asia's fastest-growing economies and has set its sights on becoming a developed nation by 2020.
Over the past 30 years, Vietnam has had a remarkable development record. Economic and political reforms launched in 1986, have spurred rapid economic growth and development and transformed Vietnam from one of the world’s poorest nations to a lower middle-income country.
Vietnam’s economy continues to show fundamental strength, supported by robust domestic demand and export-oriented manufacturing. The extreme poverty rate is estimated to have declined to below 3 percent.
Its population reached about 97 million in 2018 (up from about 60 million in 1986) and is expected to expand to 120 million before moderating around 2050.
ESIA / SEA system
EIA is required in Vietnam since 1993, when the National Law on Environmental Protection (LEP) was issued. Procedural requirements followed by Decree in 1994. Since the revision of the LEP in 2005, comprehensive SEA requirements exist.
The central EIA and SEA authority in Vietnam is the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE).
Webpages | 06-10-2014
Rotterdam, 24-26 sept 2014. At the conference ‘Deltas in Times of Climate Change’, Arend Kolhoff (NCEA and chair of IAIA Climate Change…