Introduction

Among the 25 poorest countries in the world, landlocked Mali depends on gold mining and agricultural exports for revenue. The country's fiscal status fluctuates with gold and agricultural commodity prices and the harvest; cotton and gold exports make up around 80% of export earnings. Mali remains dependent on foreign aid. 

Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger River; about 65% of Mali’s land area is desert or semidesert. About 10% of the population is nomadic and about 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. The government subsidizes the production of cereals to decrease the country’s dependence on imported foodstuffs and to reduce its vulnerability to food price shocks. 

Mali is developing its iron ore extraction industry to diversify foreign exchange earnings away from gold, but the pace will depend on global price trends. Although the political coup in 2012 slowed Mali’s growth, the economy has since bounced back, with GDP growth above 5% in 2014-17, although physical insecurity, high population growth, corruption, weak infrastructure, and low levels of human capital continue to constrain economic development. Higher rainfall helped to boost cotton output in 2017, and the country’s 2017 budget increased spending more than 10%, much of which was devoted to infrastructure and agriculture. Corruption and political turmoil are strong downside risks in 2018 and beyond.

ESIA / SEA system

Already in 1991, an act dealing with environmental protection made provisions on EIA. EIA regulations of 1999 then provided more detailed information on the EIA process. Since then, the EIA system in Mali has been further developed through the issuance of new and/or amended EIA regulations. SEA was for the first time defined in legislation in 2008, however only in 2018 SEA procedures were issued.  


News

Minister Kaag signs MoU development plan Mali

Webpages | 02-07-2019

Minister Kaag signs MoU development plan Mali

Mopti, 29 june -  Mr Etienne Bello, chair of the joined local governments of the Sourou area in Central Mali, and the Dutch minister…

Next phase: SEA Development plan Sourou - Mali

Webpages | 11-03-2019

Next phase: SEA Development plan Sourou - Mali

Bamako, 1-5 March - After adopting the SEA scoping decision in February, the Steering Committee of the Sourou region development plan is…

Scoping decision published for SEA Sourou area, Mali

Webpages | 24-01-2019

Scoping decision published for SEA Sourou area, Mali

The steering group of the Sourou sustainable development plan has recently adopted its SEA scoping decision and published it on their…

Fomi-dam Guinea: transboundary effects

Webpages | 07-01-2019

Fomi-dam Guinea: transboundary effects

Since several years, Guinea plans to develop a large multi-purpose dam in the upper Niger river, the Fomi Dam. Irrigation, electricity and fisheries are…

Scoping advice SEA for development plan in the Sourou - Mali

Webpages | 03-12-2018

Scoping advice SEA for development plan in the Sourou - Mali

3 December - The NCEA published a scoping advice (in French) for the SEA of an integrated planning process in the Sourou region. The Sourou…

Start of the SEA for the Sourou area, Mali

Webpages | 12-07-2018

Start of the SEA for the Sourou area, Mali

Bamako, 2-6 July 2018. The SEA for the Sourou area just kicked off! Local authorities plan for sustainable development of this area on the border with…

SEA for a land use plan of the Sourou in Mali

Webpages | 12-04-2018

SEA for a land use plan of the Sourou in Mali

The Sourou is a landscape in Mali that revolves around the Sourou River. It has to deal with problems like unemployment, low productiveness, terrorism…

SEA for Sourou development plan, Mali

Webpages | 30-10-2017

SEA for Sourou development plan, Mali

The Netherlands Embassy in Mali and the NCEA facilitated a workshop in Mopti to discuss SEA for a development plan in the Sourou area. Decentral and…

SEA for landscape approach in Burkina Faso and Mali

Webpages | 27-06-2017

SEA for landscape approach in Burkina Faso and Mali

How can SEA help to achieve sustainable livelihoods in the White Volta basin in Burkina Faso? And how can it be applied to transboundary management by…

The NCEA supporting an SEA for an irrigation plan in Mali

Webpages | 02-04-2015

The NCEA supporting an SEA for an irrigation plan in Mali

The NCEA is supporting parties involved in an SEA for a plan to increase the irrigation area northeast of Ségou in Mali. In 2014, the NCEA…

standaard foto

Webpages | 09-12-2013

Results of the EIA mapping workshops in West African countries

Conakry, 5-6 December 2013. The West African Association of Environmental Assessment organised a regional workshop to discuss strengths and…