Even though EIA was already practiced earlier, the Environmental Law of 2005 firstly provided comprehensive EA legal requirements. It is the enabling law for both, EIA and SEA. Several secondary legislations on EIA further define requirements for EIA. They harmonize Macedonia's EIA system with the European Union directives to support the country's progression towards EU membership. In 2008, Macedonia also transposed the EU directive on SEA into its legislation.
The Ministry for Environment and Physical Planning (MoEPP) is responsible for the implementation of the Environmental Law in Macedonia and is the central authority for EIA and SEA.